Nasal bleeding in children
Nosebleeds in children are usually mild and easy to treat
Nosebleeds, also known as epistaxis, They are produced by the rupture of the blood vessels of the mucosa that lines the inside of the nose.
Nosebleeds can be caused simply because the child has scratching, stuck finger in nose or blown too hard.
It can also occur in case of colds, allergic rhinitis, sinusitis, the presence of a foreign body in the nose or the existence of a chronic inflammation or infection.
In the event that the child has frequent nosebleeds, especially when it is difficult to stop the bleeding, the evaluation by a pediatrician or even from a pediatric otolaryngologist, in order to rule out possible underlying causes of chronic nosebleeds.
What to do when there is a nosebleed?
A nosebleed can be very traumatic for a child. Seeing so much blood can scare them, so it is very important that the adult who is with the child try keep calm and reassure the child.
- Tilt your head forward. If you tilt it back, the blood will flow down the throat, and could cause the child to cough or choke. Also, if you swallow the blood, you could vomit it up.
- Keep tight the nasal wings directly with your fingers or a tissue for a few 5-10 minutes.
- The bleeding will stop more quickly if the child is sitting or standing instead of lying down. Lying down increases blood pressure and the nose will bleed more. Also, when lying down, blood could run down the throat, causing the child to even vomit.
- After the bleeding has stopped, the child should stay quiet for a while to prevent bleeding from starting again.
Why do some children bleed more easily than others?
Some children have the very superficial veins of the mucosa of the nose, for what they are more likely to break when bumps occur, they touch their noses or sneeze. In addition, there are also children who are more likely to touch their nose than others.
It is important trim your child's nails frequently and file them to avoid damaging the mucosa of the nose.
In the event that the child has frequent nosebleeds, because a vein is very close to the skin, they can be prevented with cauterization, a simple procedure that can be carried out in the family doctor's office.
- Safe and effective technique for removing foreign objects from a child's nose
- Television and children's sleep